Wading bogs and swamps that hold a string of trees amidst low lying shrubs of rotting vegetation, scummy water, frogs croaking, algae floating on the water surfaces, moss hanging from tree branches coalesce into a meadow that is antique to the natural wetland that is of paramount importance to Africa called Al-Sudd.
The Nile proves beyond reasonable doubt that it is Africa’s realest treasure as it’s the basis on which Sudd exists and famed for being Africa’s largest wetland and one of the largest tropical wetlands in the world. For the times this vast water system has existed it has not come of age even an inch but the good old days of 61 AD give the nostalgia of Roamn soldiers that were ordered by their grace Emperor Nero to conquer and penetrate Equatorial Africa but the quest was challenged by this threshold of life and death. Explorers venturing into expeditions about the source of the Nile chose overland routes through the central African coast in order to avoid meeting this challenging wetland system.
Its existence is entirely accredited to Bahr al-Jabal a section of the White Nile and its name sudd came after its nature of being impenetrable as sudd means barrier which levies this wetland as a large solid floating island. The unique flora and fauna in this 57000km2 wetland got this area recognized as a UNESCO world heritage treasure.
Ecological importance of the wetland.
Wetlands are critical parts of the natural environment that are unfocused on usually but Sudd proves unarguably that it’s a hidden treasure to South Sudan as its estimated that its value to the ecosystem is around 991 USD per year.
The complexity of the floating lush green vegetation that meanders over falling trees in this water system harbors a kind of scenic landscape that is predominantly known for hilly areas but held within the low lands of the Nile valley and are worth of praise because they have a strong relationship with nature.
This enormous Ramsar endorses the Jonglei plains that which are celebrated for being Africa’s largest savannahs that are intact with nature. The savannahs graced and entitled with harboring a variety of herbivores species both wild and domestic like the famous antelope species and cattle that is grazed over the wetland premises by the Dinkas and other pastoralists residing in South Sudan.
The wetland system varies with seasons where the rainy seasons have the wetland expand to over 90,000 km2 and the alternative seasons have around 42000 km2. This facilitates the occurrence of the wondrous migration expedition of some of the species in the antelope family basically the white-eared kob and tiang and its one of the biggest renown antelope migrations over the world with over 1.2 million white eared kobs participating in this natural phenomenon that is equated to the famed beast migration that ensues in Tanzania’s Serengeti.
Nature always enormously and endlessly supports a variety of aquatic species that build up the wilderness and Sudd is responsible for over 350 different plant species, 470 bird species tasked with bringing life to the surrounding through their voices and chirpings, over 100 fish species like tilapia, leopard lung fish and a variety of insect that are estimated to be about 120 species.
Shoebills are in extinction in various areas due to the endangering of wetland systems but Sudd owns the globe’s concentration of these shy species with over 7000 of them harboring in the significant premises of the wetland. A let slip of these timid and reserved storks in the area lands on the Nile Lerch where the pristine surroundings of the sudd accommodate over 11000 of these species and they are proudly endemic to South Sudan.
The wetland is entirely a threshold of life to a lot more species not segregating one of the big five animals like wide hippopotamus who are known for making loud gnats before drowning gently and displacing water and drowning gently into the water, cow- like buffaloes whose herd thunders the ground and enjoy rustic plays of rolling into the mud cautioning the beats shaggy fur to the viewers and the gigantic elephants who prefer blowing water with the aid of their trumpets and walking sluggishly due to the weight and height they own.
Why is Sudd wetland in South Sudan unique?
This South Sudan national treasure is really outstanding for the fact that its levied impenetrable while it harbors a variety of species that color-up the beauty of the wilderness. Embrace and feel the beauty of the surrounding that is enticed by a variety of nature make-species like the shoebills that are global threats, a variety of migratory birds that make safaris occasionally from around Asia and Africa, sighting unimagined species like the Nile Lerch that are indigenous to South Sudan and the climax of the strikingly marvelous environments of the wetland are blessed with the natural circumstance of antelope migration that entails over 1.2 million white eared kob antelopes and abundant tiang antelopes cross borders as though they are undertaking a spree on itineraries.